开发调试React

2019-09-10 15:58栏目:最大平台
TAG:

初始化项目

react-native init YahuiApp
cd YahuiApp
yarn add --dev react-native-typescript-transformer typescript @types/react @types/react-native

关于React Native的详细介绍我就不叙述了,他是使用js构建原生app的开发框架。一次变编码多平台运行,非常强大。但是个人不喜欢js的过于灵活(弱类型)的语法。强大的强类型语言Typescript(简称TS)是我的首选,他可以编译成JavaScript,编译成的JavaScript代码可读性很好,但是这不是关键,关键是TS开发和调试效率极高。
但是React Native官方是使用js的开发的,如果如果使用TS开发React Native的关键是transformer
eact-native结合的关键是使用转换器

用vscode打开 添加配置文件

AppRegistry

import {
    AppRegistry,
} from 'react-native';
import App from "./src/main";

AppRegistry.registerComponent('YahuiApp', () => App);

至此 您的使用TS开发React Native的项目环境搭建好了

配置Typescript

新建文件 tsconfig.json内容为

{
    "compilerOptions": {
        "module": "es2015",
        "target": "es2015",
        "moduleResolution": "node",
        "jsx": "react-native",
        "noImplicitAny": true,
        "experimentalDecorators": true,
        "preserveConstEnums": true,
        "sourceMap": true,
        "watch": true,
        "allowSyntheticDefaultImports": true
    },
    "filesGlob": [
        "src/**/*.ts",
        "src/**/*.tsx"
    ],
    "exclude": [
        "index.android.js",
        "index.ios.js",
        "build",
        "node_modules"
    ]
}

新建文件 tslint.json 内容为

{
    "rules": {
        "class-name": false,
        "comment-format": [
            true,
            "check-space"
        ],
        "indent": [
            true,
            "spaces"
        ],
        "no-duplicate-variable": true,
        "no-eval": true,
        "no-internal-module": true,
        "no-trailing-whitespace": true,
        "no-unsafe-finally": true,
        "no-var-keyword": true,
        "one-line": [
            true,
            "check-open-brace",
            "check-whitespace"
        ],
        "quotemark": [
            true,
            "double"
        ],
        "semicolon": [
            true,
            "always"
        ],
        "triple-equals": [
            true,
            "allow-null-check"
        ],
        "typedef-whitespace": [
            true,
            {
                "call-signature": "nospace",
                "index-signature": "nospace",
                "parameter": "nospace",
                "property-declaration": "nospace",
                "variable-declaration": "nospace"
            }
        ],
        "variable-name": [
            true,
            "ban-keywords"
        ],
        "whitespace": [
            true,
            "check-branch",
            "check-decl",
            "check-operator",
            "check-separator",
            "check-type"
        ]
    }
}

配置React Native Packager

根目录新建rn-cli.config.js文件 内容为:
module.exports = {
getTransformModulePath() {
return require.resolve('react-native-typescript-transformer');
},
getSourceExts() {
return [ 'ts', 'tsx' ]
}
};

编写代码

在 src文件夹里新建main.tsc文件
代码为:

import React, { Component } from "react";
import {
    StyleSheet,
    Text,
    View
} from "react-native";
interface Props {

}
interface State {

}
export default class App extends Component<Props, State> {
    render() {
        return (
            <View style={styles.container}>
                <Text style={styles.text}>
                    Welcome to React Native!
                </Text>
            </View>
        );
    }
}

const styles = StyleSheet.create({
    container: {
        flex: 1,
        justifyContent: "center",
        alignItems: "center",
        backgroundColor: "#F5FCFF",
    } as React.ViewStyle,

    text: {
        fontSize: 20,
        textAlign: "center",
        margin: 10,
    } as React.TextStyle,
});

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